President Biden spoke with Democratic leaders on Thursday as lawmakers raced to iron out deep divisions over how to structure and finance his $3.5 trillion economic package and stave off a government shutdown at the end of the month.
The joint conversation with Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California and Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, the majority leader, was the latest outreach by the president to congressional Democrats this week, with the success of many of Mr. Biden’s policy priorities hinging on passage of the $3.5 trillion package.
The discussion focused on advancing Mr. Biden’s economic agenda, largely the social safety net package and the $1 trillion infrastructure package, which has already been approved by the Senate. On Wednesday, Mr. Biden met separately with two key moderates, Senators Joe Manchin III of West Virginia and Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona, who have both expressed reservations about the price tag of the larger plan.
“We’re in the middle of the process so the president knows that he’s going to need to be — he’s eager to be — very engaged directly with senators, directly with leadership to move this forward,” Jen Psaki, the White House press secretary, said before the conversation.
Because Democrats are using an arcane budget process, known as reconciliation, to try to pass the $3.5 trillion plan and avoid a Republican filibuster, the party must remain united in the Senate and can spare only three votes in the House. But moderate and conservative Democrats have balked at several elements of the package, and divisions remain between the House and the Senate.
Mr. Biden and the lawmakers also discussed how to avert a lapse in government funding on Oct. 1 and raising the federal borrowing limit.
Democrats are coalescing around legislation that would continue funding the government and grant emergency funding to support Afghan refugees and disaster recovery efforts. Democrats are considering a stopgap bill that would extend federal funding through Dec. 3, though details remain in flux.
It also remains unclear whether party leaders will attach a provision that would keep the government from defaulting on its debt. But Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the minority leader, has warned that he and most Republicans would oppose raising the limit on the Treasury Department’s borrowing ability.
“Our view is this should be bipartisan as it has been in the past,” Ms. Psaki said.