Ingram grew to become the business’s largest wholesaler, delivery books to retailers much more shortly than publishers may.
Mr. Hoffman’s success at Ingram led to his being employed by Waldenbooks. The corporate was primarily based in Stamford, Conn., and Mr. Hoffman, a sailor, lived about half of yearly on a ship docked close by on Lengthy Island Sound.
In 1989, after the Iranian chief Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini made dying threats in opposition to the author Salman Rushdie and anybody concerned within the publication of his novel “The Satanic Verses,” Mr. Hoffman ordered all copies of the e-book faraway from Waldenbooks cabinets. He left workers the choice of promoting copies from its stockrooms. Different chains adopted.
Mr. Hoffman defended his motion as defending his workers.
Quickly after making his determination, he wrote an Op-Ed article for The Occasions. “I’ve been bombarded by assaults by publishers, authors, the media and clients,” he wrote. “Many are correctly involved at this primary abridgment of the appropriate to by a e-book. To them, I say: We agree. That is critical. That is fallacious.”
He added, “To them, I additionally say that the issues of worldwide terrorism should not greatest solved by a bookstore chain.”
He retired in 1991, having led Waldenbooks to $1 billion in revenues.
Along with Ms. Keeling, Mr. Hoffman is survived by his spouse, Kathie (Peterson) Hoffman; one other daughter, Lori Palermo; a son, Harry; 5 grandchildren; and 5 great-grandchildren. His marriage to Norma Jean Olson led to divorce.
Borders and Waldenbooks had been owned by Kmart however had been spun off right into a separate firm in 1995. In the end, the 2 chains have been harm by competitors from Amazon and different retailers, in addition to by administration turnover and a failure to maneuver strongly into digital books.